Historians can turn to the best available theories in the social and behavioral sciences to arrive at theories about causal mechanisms and human behavior; so historical statements depend ultimately upon factual inquiry and theoretical reasoning.
Initial Session The opening session is extremely important in brief therapy for building an alliance, developing therapeutic rapport, and creating a climate of mutual respect. Gestalt therapists seek to help their clients gain awareness of themselves and the world. How do they hang together? A new philosophy of history will shed light on these fundamental issues.
Phenomenology of spirit, translated by A. Therefore, if the feeling to cry arises, do not stop it or think anything about it but simply take a deep breath and LOOK at it.
Vico, Hamann, Herder, H.
The humanistic therapist focuses on helping people free themselves from disabling assumptions and attitudes so they can live fuller lives. To discover that it is all an illusion is an even greater step, but to start seeing how beautiful and innocent you really are despite the thoughts and emotions, then you have taken a giant leap towards your true nature.
Recent approaches to understanding psychological growth have emphasized using storytelling and mythology to enhance self-awareness see Campbell, ; Feinstein and Krippner, ; Middelkoop, For the existential therapist, life is much more of a confrontation with negative internal forces than it is for the humanistic therapist.
The human is a seeker for the Being. This might be the first time in her life that someone has been unconditionally accepting of her or focused on her strengths rather than her failings. What is the unconscious belief that compels guilt?
There is no escape from the political; "the personal is the political. Human beings make history; but what is the fundamental nature of the human being? A sense of interconnection, a central postulate and experience in the wisdom traditions, may replace her perceived isolation.
Historical data do not speak for themselves; archives are incomplete, ambiguous, contradictory, and confusing. This opportunity to face death and life squarely provides a chance to reconsider and reprioritize her life.
And it might be supra-national—for example, an economic history of Western Europe or comparative treatment of Eurasian history.
Other important questions can help her to begin to create an alternative story: The paradox of seeking, which is the whole drive of the human being, is often unconscious. Famously Socrates was more adept at asking such questions than spoon-feeding us the answers. This rejection parallels his claims for studying micro-mechanisms of power.
Ranke makes this point explicitly In an effort to be understood, clients sometimes tell a story as a way of educating the therapist to their culture or lifestyle. In a culture and a psychology that are dominated by issues of rational ego control, what is the role of constructive surrender regularly described in spiritual traditions?
Efforts to discern large stages in history such as those of Vico, Spengler, or Toynbee are vulnerable to a different criticism based on their mono-causal interpretations of the full complexity of human history.
The existential therapist recognizes that human influence is shaped by biology, culture, and luck. Similarly, Blewett argued, "The importance of human experience relative to behavior is beyond question for experience extends beyond behavior just as feeling extends beyond the concepts of language" Blewett,p.A complex of stories - some no doubt fact, and some fancy - which, for various reasons, human beings regard as demonstrations of the inner meaning of the universe and of human life.
Metaphor a distinctive form of symbolic communication: not a literal statement, but a comparison of two unlike things.
If a supreme person exists, and has made human persons, then human personhood deserves a more careful look. If there are more clues to be found, that is a promising place to look for them. I shall therefore develop at some length this mystery, as a concrete illustration of how the broader cumulative case for theism can be worked out.
seeks union with a reality greater than oneself, such as with God, the process of nature, the universe, or reality as a whole; techniques (ex. meditation) for lessening sense of one's individual identity to help individual experience greater unity- Upanishadic Hinduism, Taoism, Buddhism. The humanistic perspective views human nature as basically good, with an inherent potential to maintain healthy, meaningful relationships and to make choices that are in the interest of oneself and others.
and the ways in which people construct meaning are largely influenced by family, culture, and society. Narrative therapy assumes that. These "ways" of approaching God from creation have a twofold point of departure: the physical world, and the human person.
32 The world: starting from movement, becoming, contingency, and the world's order and beauty, one can come to a knowledge of God as the origin and the end of the universe.
Aug 16, · A mental-oriented person would seek communication, knowledge, information, being smart. An emotional-oriented person would seek security, warmth, love-relationship. A spiritually-oriented person would seek deeper meaning of love such as oneness, God, True Love and so on.Download