A short history of the druze a community in israel

Home to about 11, Druze, Yirka has a number of important sites, the most significant of which is the tomb of A short history of the druze a community in israel Abu Saraya Ghanem, an important Druze religious scholar of the early eleventh century. Subsequently, the Druze chiefs of the Gharb placed their considerable military experience at the disposal of the Mamluk rulers of Egypt — ; first, to assist them in putting an end to what remained of Crusader rule in coastal Syria, and later to help them safeguard the Syrian coast against Crusader retaliation by sea.

Our Arabic language has been spoken on this land for thousands of years and was declared an official language by the British mandate after World War I. The shrine of Abu Ibrahim is located in Daliyat el-Carmel, and the ruins of several Druze villages are located in the vicinity.

Druze in Israel

Roughly two-thirds say they have a special responsibility to take care of Druze in need around the world. In the French tried to set up a Druze state under the French Mandate, but the attempt failed.

Hermon, and is surrounded by thousands of dunams of orchards, the main crops of which include first class apples and cherries. Many Crusader ornaments and relics found on the walls and in the houses led historians to believe that the village was once a Crusader center.

Because of their fierce battles with the Crusadersthe Druzes earned the respect of the Sunni Muslim caliphs and thus gained important political powers. Their tradition dates back to the 11th century and incorporates elements of Islam, Hinduism and even classical Greek philosophy.

In Syria, the Druze gained considerable political influence after the Baath party took power inbut were then gradually sidelined. Today there are over 30, Druze students in the school system - some 2.

Tenets and Precepts The Druze religion has no ceremonies or rituals, and no obligation to perform precepts in public. Worldwide there are probably about one million Druze living mainly in Syria and Lebanon, within Israel, including about 18, in the Golan which came under Israeli rule in and several thousands who emigrated to Europe and North and South America.

However much of their customs and way of life is unknown. Before becoming public, the movement was secretive and held closed meetings in what was known as Sessions of Wisdom. It indicates the position of the Druze relative to Shia Islam and its branches, such as the Ismaili and Twelvers.

In ad-Darazi and his followers openly proclaimed their beliefs and called people to join them, causing riots in Cairo against the Unitarian movement including Hamza bin Ali and his followers.

Renovation work and additions to the building continued throughout the years of the British Mandate, and more intensively after The Druze played an active role in the Syrian military before the outbreak of the conflict, however, they always avoided aligning with a clear political position.

Mansour did not agree to the demand that the local Druze would forcibly oppose the volunteers, and instead proposed the Jews bribe Wahhab to abandon his command. Amin Tarif was the preeminent religious leader of the community until his death in Their culture is Arab and their language Arabic but they opted against mainstream Arab nationalism in and have since served first as volunteers, later within the draft system in the Israel Defense Forces and the Border Police.

His tomb is located in the village of Abu Sinan near Akko. The older section of the existing structure was built by the Druze in the s, after the spiritual leader of the community, Sheikh Mahna Tarif of Julis, summoned an assembly to discuss its construction.

The Druze in Israel: History & Overview

Beliefs and Traditions The Druze consider their faith to be a new interpretation of the three monotheistic religions: Since just after its founding in the 11th century, the Druze tradition has been officially closed off to outsiders and proselytism has been prohibited.

Historical Background The Druze religion has its roots in Ismailism, a religio-philosophical movement which founded the Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt in the tenth century. I will continue to protest against the Nationality Law with all my might, alongside bereaved families and the entire Druze community.

The population figures are as follows absolute figures and percentage of overall population: It is located in the town of Daliyat el-Carmel on Mount Carmel.

It is the site of an annual festive pilgrimage and is visited throughout the year by those who have taken a vow to do so. Tenets and Precepts The Druze religion has no ceremonies or rituals, and no obligation to perform precepts in public.

The al-Juhhal group does not have the permission to view the holy texts, and they do not attend religious meetings. Marzouk Halabi, a political science professor at the University of Haifa who refused to serve in the Israeli military, told Al-Monitor that he and others feel vindicated. I just came across this secretive group and thought some may enjoy digging into the topic.

Several philosophers and other influential people are also held in high regard by the Druze, including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Alexander the Great. Israeli Druze have voiced their concerns and displeasure at the new nation-state law, which defines the country as an exclusively Jewish state.

The site will serve both as a recreational center and resource, with amenities to include a person auditorium, classrooms and offices, a cafeteria, a gym, and a heritage area celebrating the history of the Druze community in Israel.

Located north of Rama, on the peak of Mt. Regarding personal status, their rights are almost identical to those of men; actually, Druze women are preferred over men in joining the uqqal, because they are considered to be better "spiritually prepared". On April 25 each year, the Druze gather at the site to discuss community affairs.Today, 1 million-plus members of this community live primarily in Syria and Lebanon and, to a lesser extent, in Israel and Jordan.

In Israel, the Druze are a close-knit community active in public life, according to a new Pew Research Center study of Israel.

Feb 04,  · Israeli Druze The Druze community in Israel is officially recognized as a separate religious entity with its own courts (with jurisdiction in matters of personal status - marriage, divorce, maintenance and adoption) and spiritual leadership.

The site will serve both as a recreational center and resource, with amenities to include a person auditorium, classrooms and offices, a cafeteria, a gym, and a heritage area celebrating the history of the Druze community in Israel.

Although dwarfed by other, larger communities, the Druze community played an important role in shaping the history of the Levant, and continues to play a large political role there. As a religious minority in every country they live in, they have frequently experienced persecution, except in Lebanon and Israel where Druze judges, parliamentarians, diplomats, and doctors occupy the highest echelons of society.

The Druze in Israel speak Arabic and identify as Arabs, but they are a community distinct from other Arab Israelis, with their own religion and cultural norms.

The Druze see their religion, which broke off from Islam in the 10th century in Egypt, as an interpretation of the three large monotheistic religions–Judaism, Christianity, and Islam–and they regard Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed as prophets. The Druze are Arabic-speaking citizens of Israel who serve in the Israel Defense Forces.

Members of the community have attained top positions in Israeli politics and public service. Before the establishment of the State of Israel, the Druze were not recognized as a religious community, and were discriminated against by the judicial system.

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A short history of the druze a community in israel
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